In 1992, the Swedish University Computer Network (SUNET), Telia and Tele2 expressed a need to exchange traffic with each other. SUNET developed a solution allowing all three operators to connect to a neutral Internet exchange point located at the Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH) in Stockholm. This exchange point was called D-GIX and became the first Swedish exchange point in existence.
As the Internet grew and gained a more central role in Sweden’s infrastructure, the Swedish government took an active interest and ordered an inquiry into the Internet that identified the Internet exchange points and the .SE domain as being vital to the functioning of the Internet in Sweden. Following discussion at the Swedish Operators Forum (SOF), a foundation called the Stiftelsen för Telematikens Utveckling (TU-Stiftelsen) was formed and financed by the KK-stiftelsen – a foundation for knowledge and competence development. It was founded to create an independent, stable and common organisation for the operation of critical Internet functionality in Sweden. The basic concept was that no single telecom operator would have undue influence over another. This organisation would work for the good of the Internet, not for commercial gain. The TU-stiftelsen then formed a subsidiary called Netnod AB that was responsible for operating the exchange point in Stockholm.
SOF and Netnod took a joint decision to implement the findings of the government inquiry, which suggested that several exchange points be established around the country. This resulted in SUNET selling the D-GIX exchange point to Netnod. At the same time, Netnod established a second, independent exchange point in Stockholm. All operators are now connected to both exchange points.
Netnod also started operating the Network Time Protocol (NTP) at each of the exchange points. This service involves synchronising computer clocks via the Internet and the standardised Internet protocol (NTP).
Netnod establishes an exchange point in Gothenburg.
Netnod continues to work for the good of the Internet. Revenues generated from the operators who connect to the exchange points are used to further develop the Internet and build new exchange points. In addition, Netnod’s consultants are active on the international Internet scene, where the Internet’s future is discussed from both a technological and political perspective.
A long discussion between several of SOF’s partners took place about how to increase Netnod’s operational responsibility for the Internet exchange points. Autonomica was formed as a subsidiary to Netnod and would focus on research and the operation of .SE’s slave servers at the various exchange points. An agreement was reached between NORDUnet and Autonomica for Autonomica to also take over responsibility for i.root-servers.net from NORDUnet (a collaboration between the 5 Nordic National Research and Education Networks). NORDUnet had since 1991, been responsible for i.root-servers.net, which was the first root name server outside the US. NORDUnet wanted to focus on its role as an Internet service provider (ISP) and the decision to shift responsibility for i.root-servers.net to Autonomica was taken to ensure that the Internet infrastructure would be managed by a neutral organisation. Autonomica was also better suited to manage the i.root-servers.net service.
The year Netnod established exchange points in Malmö and Sundsvall.
Autonomica begins to offer the Anycast DNSNODE service as one of the first providers in the world. Autonomica installs copies of the i.root-servers.net around the world at some of the largest operators and exchange points to make the Internet faster and provide better redundancy.
Netnod establishes an exchange point in Luleå.
Netnod becomes fully DNSSEC available and provides DNSSEC enabled anycast services to .SE, the first TLD in the world to deploy DNSSEC.
Netnod builds a DWDM system at Telecity in Stockholm. This was done to lower operational costs for connected operators as well as to reduce the cost of connecting to Netnod. This is later expanded to the Interxion site as well.
Netnod builds a DWDM system at Interxion in Stockholm. This was done to lower operational costs for connected operators as well as to reduce the cost of connecting to Netnod. Netnod and Autonomica merge into one organisation under the single name Netnod.
Netnod installs route servers in Stockholm to simplify the peering administration for the operators at the exchange point.
Netnod launches the Netnod Reach partner programme, allowing networks to connect to the Netnod IXP, through a reseller model with minimal overhead.
Netnod launches "Netnod COMIX" - the distributed Internet exchange point, connecting Copenhagen in Denmark with Malmö in Sweden.
The Netnod board is expanded, welcoming Dennis Davidsson, Karen Rose, Mathieu Weill, and Christian Kaufmann as new board members.
The Netnod team grows from 18 to 24 members.
LM Jogbäck becomes new Netnod CEO. Netnod expands our DNSNODE services to enterprise customers. I-root celebrates 25 years in operation. Netnod celebrates our 20th Anniversary hosting our biggest Netnod meeting to date. We see a continuously growing demand for all our services.
Netnod performs major upgrades to Netnod IX Stockholm and Netnod IX Copenhagen. The new, scalable platform enables significant increases in capacity, cost-effective connections for customers and point-to-point transport.
In cooperation with the Norwegian Internet Exchange (NIX), Netnod launches Netnod IX Oslo. Customers can connect through Netnod as a one-stop shop for interconnection throughout the Nordics.
Netnod and Internetstiftelsen (IIS) launch the Internet Access project, gathering operators, technicians and other stakeholders to help define and develop new standards for Internet access.
Netnod are among the founding participants of the new MANRS IXP programme focused on routing security.
Together with SUNET and PTS, Netnod launch Project Särimner, using our expertise to help secure vital communication networks throughout Sweden.
Throughout the year, Netnod provides high-level feedback on regulatory issues, including the implementation of the NIS Directive and the new regulation on Protective Security 2019.
The Netnod Board is strengthened with the appointment of two new members.