What is an IXP and what is peering

Netnod IX servers
An Internet Exchange Point is where Internet networks come together to peer or exchange traffic between their networks. Peering is a process by which two Internet networks connect and exchange traffic.

Internet exchange points are not Internet service providers. While they allow network operators to exchange traffic with other network operators, an exchange point will not sell you anything resembling complete Internet connectivity. They are, instead, one of the building blocks around which the Internet is built.

Want to know more about what an IXP is?

Read more about Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) here.

Read or download (PDF): Netnod Fact sheet: What is an IXP?

Check out this film by the Euro-IX, explaining what an Internet exchange point is.

What is peering?

Peering is a process by which two Internet networks connect and exchange traffic. It allows them to directly hand off traffic between each other’s customers, without having to pay a third party to carry that traffic across the Internet for them. Peering is distinct from transit, the more usual way of connecting to the Internet, in which an end user or network operator pays another, usually larger, network operator to carry all their traffic for them.

Want to know more about what peering is?

Read more about peering here.

Read or download (PDF): Netnod Fact sheet: What is peering?
 

Educational resources
An Internet Exchange Point is where Internet networks come together to peer or exchange traffic between their networks. Internet exchange points are not Internet service providers. While they allow network operators to exchange traffic with other network operators, an exchange point will not sell you anything resembling complete Internet connectivity. They are, instead, one of the building blocks around which the Internet is built.

Educational resources
Peering is a process by which two Internet networks connect and exchange traffic. It allows them to directly hand off traffic between each other’s customers, without having to pay a third party to carry that traffic across the Internet for them. Peering is distinct from transit, the more usual way of connecting to the Internet, in which an end user or network operator pays another, usually larger, network operator to carry all their traffic for them.

IX
Here we answer some of the most common questions about peering, IXPs and Netnod IX.