ADC has a 21st century ultramodern fibre-optic network spanning all around Yerevan. Professional telecommunication services were launched on April 27, 2007. The company has constructed an independent and redundant, exclusive fibre-optic network, which topology represents interconnection of ring-type core highways. ADC’s commercial proposition is to satisfy the continuously rising demand for data communication and corporate networking and to create modern networking solutions of tomorrow. Its network continues to be extended both geographically and in terms of its service portfolio capabilities.
In 2004, after a selection of potential host countries, AFRINIC was incorporated in Mauritius. It was decided that the overall oversight of AFRINIC would be done by representatives elected from the six identified sub-regions in Africa (Northern, Western, Central, Eastern and Southern). The resulting organisation was registered in Mauritius with its various operations distributed among three other countries as follows: Technical operations in South Africa, Backup and disaster recovery in Egypt and Training coordination in Ghana.
The primary mission of ASCC is "to support the research undertakings and administrative computing of research units of Academia Sinica." As the sole information service unit of Academia Sinica, the centre has been striving to fulfil its founding purposes and service concepts since its inception. According to the development of information technology applications and service requirements of Academia Sinica, it furnishes various proposals to help enhance research environment and administrative efficiency.
APTLD is an organisation for ccTLD registries in Asia Pacific region. APTLD was originally established in 1998, and in 2003 legally established in Malaysia. APTLD works as the forum of information exchange regarding technological and operational issues of domain name registries in the Asia Pacific region. Also, as an interface to other international Internet coordinating bodies, APTLD fosters and elevates participation of AP ccTLDs in these global fora, as well as acting in the best interest of APTLD members in global Internet policy making process.
APNIC is an open membership-based, non-profit organisation that serves as the RIR for the Asia Pacific. It is one of five RIRs charged with ensuring the fair distribution and responsible management of IP addresses and related resources, within their own respective regions. As part of its services, APNIC also maintains the public IP address registry (or “Whois”) database, issues digital certificates for Internet resources, and manages the critical “reverse DNS” infrastructure. It also provides extensive Internet technical training and consulting services, particularly targeted towards IPv6 deployment.
CENTR is the world’s largest Internet Domain Name Association. CENTR has over 50 members which together account for roughly 80% of country code domain name registrations worldwide. CENTR’s main purpose is to provide its members with a forum for exchange of information. It also acts to promote members’ interests in a wider context – engaging with the international community on matters of interest.
Cogent Communications (operator of c.root-servers.net)
Cogent is a multinational Tier 1 ISP. The primary service offering consists of Internet access and data transport, IP data-only network, along with colocation in any of the company’s 43 Internet data centres. The network spans across North America, across the Atlantic throughout Europe, and across the Pacific to Asia, and service is provided to over 175 markets. Cogent Communications is a public company trading on the NASDAQ under the symbol CCOI. Cogent is headquartered in Washington, D.C., USA. Cogent is also the operator of c.root-servers.net.
The goal of the EPF is to provide the peering community with an event that enables them to establish new peers and extend existing peering arrangements, as well as sharing information and experience beneficial to the community. The host IX’s (AMS-IX, DE-CIX, LINX and Netnod) alternate organisation of the EPF annually. The EPF now attracts over 250 people from the European peering community. Members of the respective IX’s are specifically invited to participate and other peering networks are also welcome by request. In the spirit of Euro-IX and the European peering community, other European Internet Exchanges are also invited.
Equinix customers rely on Platform Equinix to grow, expand geographic reach, improve application performance and protect their digital assets. Equinix connects businesses with partners and customers around the world through a global platform of high-performance data centres, containing dynamic partner ecosystems and the broadest choice of networks. Equinix operates data centres in 38 markets across 13 countries in the Americas, EMEA, and Asia-Pacific.
Euro-IX is an association of European IXes, promoting an open interchange of ideas and experiences, gained to mutual advantage of the membership, by offering fora, meetings, mailing lists and on-line resources. Euro-IX also gathers information on regulatory issues affecting member exchanges within the region and, where appropriate, from other jurisdictions that could potentially impact on the membership. General meetings are held within the Euro-IX area, but membership from other exchanges is encouraged and such members are welcome to attend the meetings, contribute to and benefit from shared expertise and experience.
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) (operator of l.root-servers.net)
ICANN coordinates the Domain Name System (DNS), Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root server system management functions. These services were originally performed under U.S. Government contract by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and other entities. ICANN now performs the IANA function. ICANN also defines policies for how the "names and numbers" of the Internet should run. The work moves forward in a style described as the "bottom-up, consensus-driven, multi-stakeholder model.
Information Sciences Institute (ISI) (operator of b.root-servers.net)
ISI is a world leader in research and development of advanced information processing, computer and communications technologies. ISI is one of the US’s largest university-affiliated computer research institutes. ISI’s diverse expertise ranges from core engineering and computer science discovery to design, modelling and implementation of innovative prototypes and devices. A pacesetter for nearly 40 years, ISI helped conceive, design and implement the Internet, including communications protocols that remain fundamental to Net operations. ISI also developed the Domain Name System (DNS) and its now-familiar “.com” address system.
ISOC is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, ISOC promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organisations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, ISOC enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) (operator of f.root-servers.net)
ISC is a non-profit public benefit corporation dedicated to supporting the infrastructure of the Internet by developing and maintaining core production software, protocols, and operations. ISC is the producer and distributor of commercial Open Source software for the Internet Community and offers online and professional services based on this software. ISC depends on annual membership fees to provide funding for ongoing software maintenance, enhancement and publication. Since 1994, ISC has operated F-Root (one of the 13 root DNS servers) as a public service to the Internet.
The ITAC brings together the OECD counsel and technical expertise of technically focused organisations, in a decentralized networked approach to policy formulation for the Internet economy. The main purpose of the ITAC is to contribute constructively to the OECD’s development of Internet-related policies. ITAC primarily contributes to the work of the OECD Committee for Information, Computer and Communications Policy (ICCP) and its specific working parties such as the Working Party on Communications and Infrastructure Services Policy (CISP), the Working Party on Information Economy and the Working Party on Information Security and Privacy (WPISP).
JPNAP, operated by INTERNET MULTIFEED CO. of Japan, is the largest Internet Exchange in Asia. With POPs located in Tokyo and Osaka, JPNAP interconnects over 100 networks through a stable and reliable peering platform, enabling ISPs, web hosts, and content providers to improve their IP connectivity performance and reduce transit costs.
KIXP is the facility that keeps Kenyan Internet traffic in Kenya. It allows Kenyan ISPs to easily exchange traffic within Kenya, without having to send those messages across multiple international hops to reach their destination while improving connectivity and services for their customers. KIXP is run and operated by the Telecommunication Service Providers Association of Kenya, which is a professional, non-profit organisation representing the interests of ISPs and other telecommunication service providers in Kenya. Work is also in progress to interconnect the East Africa Internet Exchange Points (UIXP, TIXP & KIXP).
NASA Ames Research Center (operator of e.root-servers.net)
NASA's Ames Research Center is located at Moffett Field, in California’s Silicon Valley. The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics selected Ames to be its second aeronautical research laboratory on Dec. 20, 1939. Ames became part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) when that agency was formed in 1958. Ames is one of ten NASA field centres. Ames is a leader in information technology research with a focus on supercomputing, networking and intelligent systems. Ames is also the operator of d.root-servers.net.
Since 1995, Registro.br has been performing some of the tasks assigned to the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, such as domain name registration activities and the administration and publication of the DNS for the .br domain.
RENATER provides a national and international connectivity via the pan-European GÉANT network to more than 1,000 education and research sites in Metropolitan France and Overseas Departments and Territories. The RENATER network is an important and added value tool for research and education. It makes easier the collaborative work of the French researchers with their worldwide colleagues (data transfers and acquisitions, videoconferencing, spreadsheets etc.). Its infrastructure is constantly upgraded to fulfil the users needs. RENATER is connected to international networks through a 10 Gbit/s link to GEANT and directly to northern America through two 2.5 Gbit/s links. RENATER supports IPv6.
RIPE NCC (operator of k.root-servers.net)
The RIPE NCC is an independent, non-profit membership organisation that supports the infrastructure of the Internet through technical coordination in its service region. The most prominent activity of the RIPE NCC is to act as the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) providing global Internet resources and related services (IPv4, IPv6 and AS Number resources) to members in the RIPE NCC service region. The membership consists mainly of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunication organisations and large corporations located in Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia. The RIPE NCC also provides services for the benefit of the Internet community at large.
SUNET started in the 1980s as a research project for Swedish computer scientists, and paved the way for the Internet in Sweden. SUNET is governed by a board appointed by the Swedish Research Council. In addition to the board, there is also a technical reference group, as well as people working at the participating universities. SUNET's aim is to provide Swedish universities and colleges with access to well-developed and effective national and international data communication and related services that meet their needs, whatever their geographical location.
VeriSign (operator of a.root-servers.net and j.root-servers.net)
VeriSign is a provider of Internet infrastructure services for the networked world. VeriSign strives to enable the full potential of the Internet through its management of the infrastructure for .com and .net. VeriSign manages two of the world's 13 Internet root servers, a.root-servers.net and j.root-servers.net, considered national IT assets by the U.S. Federal government.
VIX is operated by the Vienna University Computer Center. It is a neutral peering infrastructure for National Research & Education Networks (NRENs), Internet Service Providers (ISPs), Content Providers and Content Delivery Networks in Austria and the Central and Eastern European Region for the exchange of Internet traffic at the national and international level. As a founding member of Euro-IX, VIX has been developing its policies and technologies according to European Best Current Practice and is now also offering peering opportunities to remote participants from other regions that do not want to colocate their peering routers in Vienna.
University of Maryland (operator of d.root-servers.net)
The University of Maryland educates the most talented students from Maryland and beyond. The university ranked 12th among all public U.S. universities and 36th worldwide in a recent international survey, and was named one of the top 18 "green universities" in the country. Faculty includes Nobel laureates and Pulitzer Prize winners. Diversity is embraced, and the university takes advantage of its proximity to Washington, D.C., to educate tomorrow's leaders and address global challenges. The University of Maryland is also the operator of d.root-servers.net.
U.S. Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)(operator of g.root-servers.net)
DISA is a Combat Support Agency comprised of 16,000 people – military, federal civilian, and contractor partners. Together with these partners, DISA provides the network, computing infrastructure, and enterprise services to support information sharing and decision making no matter where the information is located or sourced. They facilitate use of real time intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance information to enable information exchange between the producer and the shooter. They work with their mission partners to provide technology and seamless exchange of information so that anyone who can connect to the network can provide and consume data and services anywhere on the network globally.
U.S. Army Research Lab (ARL) (operator of h.root-servers.net)
ARL of the U.S. Army Research Development and Engineering Command (RDECOM) is the Army's corporate, or central, laboratory. ARL's program consists of basic and applied research and survivability/lethality and human factors analysis. ARL also applies the extensive research and analysis tools developed in its direct mission program to support ongoing development and acquisition programs in the Army Research, Development, and Engineering Centers (RDECs), Program Executive Offices (PEOs)/Program Manager (PM) Offices, and Industry. The Army relies on ARL to provide the critical links between the scientific and military communities.
WIDE Project (operator of m.root-servers.net)
The WIDE project has promoted research and development activities focused on transforming the Internet of the 20th Century into an Internet for the 21st Century (IoT; Internet of Things), designed to connect all things and create a richer society. WIDE has worked on a range of projects, including the InternetCar project to link automobiles to the Internet, the RF-ID/Auto-ID project for object recognition and the Live E! and the Green University of Tokyo projects designed to link various sensors and actuators. WIDE will also focus on new research and development projects in order to contribute to the realisation of an Internet for the 21st Century, to provide a link between all things, which is the ultimate goal of IPv6.